Mesothelioma; symptoms and treatment

Mesothelioma Stage 1:

Mesothelioma is a tumefaction that arises in the tissue’s thin layer that is called mesothelium. It covers more than half of the internal organs. Stage 1 is the condition in which it does not spread. Here we will be discussing Mesothelioma life expectancy of stage 1, symptoms, prognosis, and treatment.

Life Expectancy of Stage 1:

The mesothelioma life expectancy of stage 1 starts from 30 months and ends on almost 40 months. As this stage is very early so patients can increase Mesothelioma life expectancy in stage 1 through treatment and improving health styles. Around 41%-46% of patients can stay alive for two years and 18% can remain alive for 5 years. The life expectancy of Mesothelioma stage 1 is better as compared to other stages. Also, recognition of symptoms that cause Mesothelioma at this stage helps in increasing life expectancy.

Symptoms:

Symptoms of Mesothelioma stage 1 are pneumonia and asthma. As the fluid is produced in the lung’s lining, so you feel pressure in your chest. The same influence is felt when peritoneal Mesothelioma occurs. Due to this, pressure and fluid, chest pain, difficulty in breathing, cough, fever, nausea, and pain in the abdomen appear.

Treatment:

It is very easy to remove Mesothelioma at stage 1 because it does not spread beyond the lining of any organ. A number of treatments are available for stage 1. These treatments can be done on any other stage, but they are the most effective at the first stage. Following are some treatment options;

  • Pleurectomy with Decortication
  • Extrapleural Pneumonectomy
  • Cytoreduction

 

The patient should focus on the removal of this tumor and should take this decision at an early stage. As there will be a rapid spread of tumors after this stage. So, one should take the right decision at the right time with the consultation of the doctor.

Mesothelioma Stage 2

Are you curious to know about mesothelioma stage 2? If yes, then you are in the right place. I am persisting in explaining in detail the life anticipation of mesothelioma stage 2, its symptoms, and handling.

When cancer cells start entering lymph nodes, Mesothelioma reaches its second stage. Still, it does not get spread far away. In the chest cavity, cancer cells are found in the membrane lining and then start surrounding the lungs. The difference between stage 1 and stage 2 is that tumors are developed in Hilar lymph nodes.

Life Expectancy of Stage 2:

The life expectancy of stage 2 of Mesothelioma ranges from 19 to 67 months. It depends on what type of Mesothelioma you are suffering from. For example, 39% of pleural Mesothelioma patients survive for two years and 9% for 5 years. 64% of peritoneal Mesothelioma patients survive for 2 years and 53% for 5 years. The life expectancy of stage 2 also depends on patients’ age, location of the tumor, cell type, gender, and overall health. Life expectancy is difficult to measure in the beginning. 50% of patients are still alive. Recognition of early symptoms and their treatment can improve the life expectancy of stage 2.

Symptoms:

In the beginning, symptoms are not that prominent, but they get severe once it starts progressing. Symptoms depend on the location of tumor cells. There are some important and common symptoms;

  • Abdominal pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Chronic coughing

Treatment:

Though Mesothelioma is not curable at an early stage, it can be removed by surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. This is because the tumor is localized in one place. Clinical trials can also help in curing stage 2 of Mesothelioma. They include immunotherapy, gene therapy, and the intake of chemotherapy drugs.

Mesothelioma Stage 4

Do you want to know about mesothelioma stage 4 in detail? If yes, then you are in the right place. Stage 4 of Mesothelioma is very advanced. Cancer cells spread beyond the membrane lining of organs and damage the whole internal system. It is a very rare condition and the final stage of Mesothelioma. It is also called end-stage Mesothelioma. The most sensitive and challenging stage of Mesothelioma is stage 4.

Life Expectancy of Stage 4:

As discussed above, that it is the last stage of cancer and is very difficult to treat. The life expectancy of stage 4 of Mesothelioma is very less that is less than 12 months. There is no treatment for this stage, but life expectancy can slightly be increased by responding positively to the treatment. It also depends on how fastly the tumor is growing. If it grows slowly, then people can survive a little longer but if its growing speed is fast, there is no chance to increase life expectancy.

Symptoms:

This stage is considered very severe, and its symptoms are much prominent. This is because more fluid is produced by cancer cells. There is much difficulty in taking a breath. Coughing is very severe. Following are some common symptoms of Mesothelioma stage 4;

  • Breathlessness
  • Severe chest pain
  • Tightness of chest
  • Fever
  • Night sweat
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in cough
  • hard to swallow
  • discomfort
  • severe weight loss

Treatment:

First of all, there is no treatment for the last stage of Mesothelioma. There are limited treatments that are done just to give a chance; otherwise, most people do not recover. Surgeries are done like thoracentesis, paracentesis, pericardiocentesis, pleurodesis, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and clinical trials. But these surgeries or treatments do not remove all of the tumors, and there is an absolute chance to have Mesothelioma again.

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